Himachal = Him + Achal, in which Him means snow and Achal means mountain. Himachal means snow covered / or surrounded. Himachal is situated in the western part of the Himalayas.
Where snow is symbol of purity, whiteness, sincerity and mountain means strong, reliable and continuous. The beauty of this place is beyond imagination to be called unique, obscure or like.
So let’s know how the origin of the Himalayas – it is also known as the Valit Mountains / Folded MountainsIt extends from Kashmir valley to Verma. Its length / width = 250 -300 km / 2500 km. Before the Himalayas, it was the Tethys Sea. The Himalayas were formed with the shifting of mountains and filling Malwa.
Formation of Himalaya-
About 100 million years ago, India was not the violence of Asia. It broke away from Godwanaland and started moving towards Asia. It was due to its collision with island that Himalayas were born. The place called Lato of Ladakh is considered the birthplace of the Himalayas.
The highest peak in the Western Himalayas is the Naga mountain (height = about 8126 m). This mountain is the 9th highest peak in the world. Himachal is in 21st position in terms of population, whose population is 68 lakh and the area of Himachal is 55673 sq km.
Bounderies -China Tibet – Kinaur, Lahul Spiti
Uttarakhand – Shimla, Sirmaur, Kinnaur
Punjab-Himachal, Chamba, Kangra, Una, Solan, Bilaspur
J& K-chamba, kangra
Punjab share maximum number of bounderies with Himachal Pradesh.
The mountain ranges are divided into three parts.
1)Lower Hills (Shivalik Hills)
2)Middle Mountains (Inner Himalaya)
3)Outer / Greater Himalaya (Alpine Zone)
1)Lower Hills (Shivalik Ranges)–
Old name-Monak/Manak hill
Height from the sea level-350-1500m
Composition-sand stone/conglomerate rock
Coverage district -Sirmour,bilaspur,una,chamba,mandi,hamirpur are in lower part of this mountain
Crops- Wheat, corn, sugarcane, paddy,potato, citrus fruits.
Area cover-From Arunachal Pradesh through Bhutan to west Bengal,Nepal ,uttarakhand ,hp,Kashmir
Highest peak of shivalik ranges-Abi Gamin (H-7355),which is situated in distt. chamoli uttarakhand.
2)Middle Mountains (Inner Himalaya) – Dhauladhar ranges (3050-4570m)- are start from badrinath uttarakhand .These ranges are enter into himachal Pradesh throught khedi place .Satluj and Vyas rivers are cut these ranges near Rampur and Larji respectively. ItIs also known by the name of Dhauladhar ranges .
Old name-molak hill,white ranges, White crown
Height from sea level-1500-4500m
Area Coverage- Starting from Chamba in the west of Himachal and passing through Kinnaur district in the east, extending through Uttarakhand to eastern Assam.
Highest Peak Of Middle Himalaya-Hanuman Ji ka tibba (H-5639m)
Peerpanjal Ranges 3960-5470m-is the longest mountain ranges of middle Himalaya .It separate itself on the bank of satluj. It splits Chenab and Ravi river. It is situated in the northeast of Himachal.
Mountain Peaks-deyo tibba (Kullu)-6001m , Indrasan (Kullu Manali)-6220m Situated in the eastern end of Mountain .Hill station of gulmarg in kashmir lies in these ranges.
Churdhar(3647m)– is comes in middle himalaya ranges which is situated in shimla .
Crops-potato,onion, Turnip, radish, carrot
3)Outer / Greater Himalaya (Alpine Zone)-normally the rainfall in this ranges very low.
Height from the sea level-5000-6000m
Area Coverage-Kinnaur, some area of lahual spiti ,pangi(chamba)
Jhaskar Ranges- is comes in outer himalaya ranges .it separate kinnaur ,spiti and Kashmir to tibbat .Satluj river is cut this ranges near shipki.The highest peak of himachal Pradesh shilla (7025m) is also lies in this ranges .
Crops- Dry fruits.